What does "all things created" mean? Then what "heavens and Earth"? Then "Visible and Invisible" what is visible and invisible? Isnt it the visible and invisible Earth and heavens and all things in them both the visible and invisible heavens and earths? Were they not all said to be created through Christ?

o begin with we must examine the culture and the mindset that the Bible describes. Because we must come to terms with the fact that monotheism is not part of the narrative in the Old Testament. The culture of the Bible begins with the notion of there being a source of all things, a mighty being who enacted the creation of everything. As we look at the book of Genesis we see a mighty being commanding things come to exist in a certain order and this creation exemplifies that this one being is special and must be revered because he is the reason for our existence.

For the lay Christian, it may seem confusing as to why scholars especially Christian scholars would assert that early Israelite theology could possibly be polytheistic. The issue comes from archaeological evidence that points to a situation in which the same terms that are used for the Elohim of the nations around Israel are also used in the Bible for the Elohim of Israel.  For example, the singular Hebrew term for Elohim is “el” it is also the ancient Canaanite word for Elohim.